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Cargo Ship Construction and Survey

The owner of everyship to which the regulation apply must arrange for the ship to be surveyed on completion thereafter at intervals not exceeding five years. Application must be made to a certifying authority, such as Lloyds register of shipping, who arrange for the ship to be surveyed. The surveyors must satisfy himself that the arrangements, materials and scantlings of the structure, boilers and other pressure vessels, may and auxiliary machinery (including steering gear), electrical installations, and other equipment comply with the regulations. In the case of tankers outside of the ships bottom, the pump rooms, cargo and bunker piping system, vent piping, pressure / vacuum valves and flame screen must also be inspected.

The owner of everyship to which this regulations apply must arrange for the ship to be periodically surveyed in the manner specified in regulation 72 (3) and (4) with regards to ship side fittings (such as overboard discharge valves), boilers, screw propeller shafts, and tube shafts.

The owner of every ship to which part iii of the regulation apply, i.e. tankers, must arrange for an additional survey not more than 6 months before, nor later than 6 months after the half-way date of the period of validity of the certificate.

This intermediate survey deals with the material and equipment in

Or associated with, fire-retarding bulk heads.

In addition the owner of every tanker of ten year of age and over shall arrange for an intermediate survey at least ones during the period of validity of certificate. If only one such intermediate survey is made, it must be carried out not more than 6 months before not later than 6 months after, the half-way date of the period of validity. This intermediate survey must be in accordance with the procedures specified in M 1134 which states that in addition to the requirements for the annual survey noted below, and examination of shell plating, sea connections and overboard discharges, anchors and mooring equipment, the interior of at least two cargo tanks, rudder bearing clearance, propeller and shaft, boilers, electrical equipment in hazardous zone, and deck piping must be carried out.

Cargo ship safety construction certificate shall be subjected to an annual survey which must be carried out within 3 months before or after the anniversary of the certificate. The survey should be carried out in accordance with the procedures specified in M 1134 in brief, the surveyor will examine,

The ship certificate .

The hull and closing appliance

Anchoring and mooring equipment

The operation of watertight doors

Watertight bulkheads.

Structural fire protection arrangements.

The operation of fire doors.

The machinery and electrical installations such as the propulsion system, steering arrangements, bilge pumping systems, boilers and emergency sources of power.

In addition to machinery records the official log book will be examined to establish that the steering gear has been tested in accordance with the merchant shipping (steering gear and automatic pilot testing procedures) regulations 1981.

Tankers will also have weather deck survey in which the cargo tank openings, P/V Valves, Flame arresting screens, piping and electrical appliance will be examined. The cargo p/p rooms will also be surveyed.

The above construction regulation incorporate the tanker steering gear arrangement promulgated by the 78 SOLAS protocol.

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